Large Wind Farm Developments

Wind farms are a collection of wind turbines placed in the same location for the purpose of generating electricity. To produce the amount of energy required, they must be placed in areas with reliable wind speeds. Private companies are developing most of the wind farms in the United States. Wind farm developers use their own land or lease land from farmers, ranchers, or in some cases, the government. Developers sell electricity from the wind farms to power marketers, electric utilities, or directly to specific companies or government agencies.

Over a decade ago, NYSERDA's Wind Plant Development Program supported the installation and operation of two large–scale wind power plants in New York. These wind plants, totaling 41.5 MW, are located in Madison County, New York. Their success has been paving the way for present and future wind development at additional locations throughout the State of New York.

Large scale wind developments in New York State are now supported through the Clean Energy Standard.

New York State Wind Energy Guidebook

NYSERDA’s Wind Energy Guidebook contains information and resources to support local governments managing wind energy development in their communities. The Guidebook’s chapters address important aspects of wind energy project siting, including environmental considerations, community impacts, permitting information, and other key topics.

Siting of Power Generation Facilities in New York

Major renewable electric generating facilities equal to or larger than 25 megawatts (MW) are required to seek permit approvals through one of two comprehensive State-level review mechanisms: the Article 10 process, and the Office of Renewable Energy Siting (ORES).

In 2011, the process for siting wind projects underwent a major revision. By Chapter 388 of the Laws of 2011 (Article 10 of the Public Service Law, or PSL Article 10), the New York State Legislature created a new State-level permitting process. Article 10 empowers the New York State Board on Electric Generation Siting and the Environment (Siting Board) to issue Certificates of Environmental Compatibility and Public Need authorizing the construction, repowering, or operation of all electrical generating facilities of 25 MW or more. Through the Siting Board, Article 10 established a single forum to evaluate the environmental impacts and need for such electrical generating power plants, including wind projects that meet or exceed the threshold.

More information on Article 10 is available:

In April 2020, New York State passed the Accelerated Renewable Energy Growth and Community Benefit Act (the Act), a landmark piece of legislation in support of the State’s ambitious climate, energy, and environmental justice goals. A major component of the Act was the creation of ORES, which will serve as a central forum for siting and permitting new large-scale renewable energy facilities in New York State. Whereas the existing Article 10 review process was charged with permitting all major electric generators greater than or equal to 25 MW, including both renewable and traditional electric generating facilities, ORES is tasked with establishing a comprehensive yet streamlined review process specifically tailored to new renewable energy projects. Within one year of the Act’s passage, ORES will draft and finalize regulations and uniform permit standards and conditions for siting these facilities, working with involved State Agencies to consider potential environmental impacts and necessary mitigation efforts. Until ORES has established and promulgated its rules, regulations, and permit standards and conditions, major renewable energy projects will continue to be permitted through the Article 10 review process.

More information on ORES is available: