Petroleum Infrastructure Studies
New York State Petroleum Terminal Resiliency Assessment
The New York State Petroleum Terminal Resiliency Assessment [PDF] examines the resiliency of the petroleum terminal system in the State of New York. The report provides information on baseline characteristics of New York terminals, such as storage capacity, throughput, and products supplied; impacts and vulnerabilities to those terminals from recent storms, such as Superstorm Sandy, Hurricane Irene, and Tropical Storm Lee; and hardening and resiliency measures that terminals have put in place to protect their facilities from future storms, including pre-storm activities, flood protection measures, and backup power generation. The report also includes background information on the role that New York terminals play in the state’s fuel supply chain.
In the New York State 2013-14 State Budget, the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) was directed to “conduct a study evaluating the efficacy of potential alternate generated power source provisions at retail gasoline outlets that are located outside the Downstate region…” (See Part S, subsection 4 of Chapter 58 of the Laws of 2013).
In response to this direction, NYSERDA developed a Study to Assess the Need for Backup Generation at Upstate Retail Fuel Outlets [PDF] which created several scenarios and station proximity analyses, examining back-up generation at retail gasoline stations. These scenarios included a scenario with stations located within a half mile of a strategic highway. This is similar to the program for Downstate retail stations, which was designed to support retail gas stations in responding to extended power outages, and maintain the ability to deliver fuel to the general public. While the Study was informed by historical information and data on incidents resulting in prolonged outages and disruptions to retail fuel delivery, the Study is also taking account of the recent shift in storm patterns, which have demonstrated an increased frequency and severity, and which have resulted in substantial effects on the fuel delivery systems. This Study therefore attempts to understand the need to plan for and develop responses to these changing realities, and recommends actions based on these new realities, taking into account the systems and demographics of the Upstate region.
To help inform the findings of this study, NYSERDA retained an independent contractor, ICF International, to help describe the dynamics of the Upstate petroleum supply pathways, the frequency and duration of prolonged electric power outages that resulted in curtailed delivery of gasoline to the Upstate retail market, as well as other issues that could affect the success of an Upstate program. The Study to Assess Widespread Electricity System Outage Risks on Gasoline and Diesel Supply and Distribution Systems in Upstate New York [PDF] has helped to inform the conclusions of the NYSERDA study.
The New York State Transportation Fuels Infrastructure Study [PDF] examines the infrastructure and market trends that affect the supply and distribution of transportation fuels into, and within, the State of New York as well as trends affecting fuel specifications and overall demand. The primary fuels include gasoline, diesel, and emerging alternative fuels such as ethanol, compressed natural gas, and biodiesel. The report discusses current and future estimated demand for transportation fuels in the State. Additionally, the report discusses key aspects of the supply chain, ranging from international and domestic refineries, pipelines, blending, storage terminals maritime transport, and rail, to retail operations and distribution.
This study characterizes the distillate and residual fuel oil infrastructure on Long Island, the New York City metropolitan area, New York Harbor (including relevant facilities located in New Jersey), and the Hudson River corridor as far north as Albany and Rensselaer. The study identifies major sources of fuel supplies and the associated flow paths into New York, inventory patterns, characterizes the status of storage facilities, assesses the capability of the supporting transportation infrastructure, characterizes the competing uses for distillate and residual fuel oil, and identifies contingency measures to mitigate potential fuel shortfalls. The study may be used to support regulatory and policy initiatives by the New York State Public Service Commission (PSC) related to interruptible gas customers. It also advances knowledge and understanding of the role of distillate and residual fuel oil in meeting the State's heating and electricity needs, and supports NYSERDA's Energy Emergency responsibility.