Monthly Average Home Heating Oil Prices

Source: NYSERDA, "New York Home Heating Oil Price Monitoring Program"
(Posted #2 Fuel Oil Credit Price)

Note: Fuel Prices are surveyed: weekly from October through March; twice a month in April and September; and for months May through August, monthly collections began in 2006, continued in 2007, and increased to twice a month in 2008.
(Prices last updated 09/07/2018)

Latest Monthly Average Home Heating Oil Prices

August 2018 Cents Per Gallon
New York Statewide 323.5
Long Island Region 347.4
New York City 334.5
Lower Hudson Region 340.6
Upper Hudson Region 313.5
Capital District Region 297.6
North Country Region 305.1
Central Region 298.5
Western Region 327.0

Residential Heating Oil Prices: What Consumers Should KnowLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.

New York Statewide

Monthly Average Home Heating Oil Prices (in cents per gallon)

Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug.
2017-18 265.0 272.7 285.2 295.4 320.3 320.4 317.4 322.1 326.1 324.8 323.3 323.5
2016-17 234.8 245.0 247.2 261.1 270.3 271.8 270.5 268.2 259.7 252.5 251.2 254.3
2015-16 257.6 254.3 251.6 239.5 229.8 224.2 226.0 228.7 235.1 237.0 233.3 232.5
2014-15 377.8 364.8 355.4 336.1 310.6 311.3 323.2 300.3 298.9 293.7 282.9 264.4
2013-14 393.4 392.2 391.2 401.2 413.1 434.2 424.1 405.0 397.1 392.3 387.5 383.0
2012-13 404.0 410.9 414.0 411.9 412.4 421.9 414.3 394.9 386.2 382.3 386.1 386.8
2011-12 381.9 382.4 395.9 393.4 400.2 410.3 416.1 411.1 396.0 371.6 375.8 392.0
2010-11 287.0 301.7 315.2 333.0 351.9 372.6 397.5 410.0 397.2 387.1 387.4 380.0
2009-10 257.6 267.1 281.4 283.6 300.2 294.3 298.1 303.1 294.7 288.9 285.2 284.8
2008-09 401.4 352.2 311.1 273.8 262.6 256.6 246.1 243.6 240.7 254.0 249.3 259.2
2007-08 274.9 291.5 327.7 339.0 346.8 348.0 384.3 407.6 430.3 470.2 468.5 428.5
2006-07 268.1 254.8 251.5 257.2 252.6 258.0 260.8 264.0 264.4 267.8 272.5 271.1
2005-06 268.0 271.3 258.7 255.3 258.0 256.8 257.5 265.9 273.4 270.1 272.0 274.2
2004-05 177.5 202.9 211.8 207.6 207.8 210.5 221.6 228.6
2003-04 143.1 144.9 147.4 153.7 165.6 171.3 170.1 166.3
2002-03 128.9 134.0 135.6 141.3 153.1 175.5 186.3 163.9
2001-02 132.8 131.3 127.7 125.0 125.3 125.3 125.9 128.2
2000-01 146.5 153.8 158.5 161.9 160.7 156.3 149.9 144.7
1999-00 97.8 103.0 109.1 115.5 141.8 171.3 148.2 138.5
1998-99 87.6 88.6 89.1 89.0 90.2 90.5 90.4 91.4
1997-98 100.2 102.0 103.2 104.0 103.7 102.9 100.5 98.0


Long Island Region

Nassau and Suffolk counties
Monthly Average Home Heating Oil Prices (in cents per gallon)

Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug.
2017-18 285.3 292.2 303.1 309.3 330.6 328.4 329.2 339.3 348.1 348.3 346.7 347.4
2016-17 254.0 263.4 262.6 276.9 283.8 286.5 285.5 285.9 278.8 272.2 274.3 277.6
2015-16 273.9 269.9 267.0 252.0 242.9 239.2 241.6 243.6 255.7 260.4 256.2 254.4
2014-15 390.4 373.8 365.5 344.3 317.4 322.1 334.6 312.7 310.6 305.6 295.7 282.1
2013-14 409.1 405.7 402.1 412.5 423.6 444.4 434.1 416.5 410.0 404.3 400.0 396.5
2012-13 421.5 424.8 429.2 424.0 425.8 433.8 425.2 407.0 401.7 399.5 403.6 404.0
2011-12 397.5 396.1 408.3 403.2 413.5 423.9 428.3 424.1 407.4 384.9 394.5 411.2
2010-11 300.5 312.3 324.9 342.7 359.9 381.0 405.3 421.9 405.5 402.5 404.7 395.3
2009-10 270.9 283.1 291.9 293.4 309.2 303.0 309.3 315.5 307.6 303.6 300.1 298.2
2008-09 414.0 357.1 314.8 282.4 274.3 265.9 256.6 255.7 256.9 268.5 265.3 275.9
2007-08 285.5 299.9 337.3 348.0 352.6 354.7 392.6 417.7 445.6 484.7 479.2 436.5
2006-07 274.2 260.0 257.5 262.9 257.1 264.8 268.1 272.3 272.7 277.3 283.4 281.9
2005-06 275.2 280.7 268.9 266.7 268.2 267.5 268.4 277.6 284.9 280.6 282.6 283.1
2004-05 190.7 212.5 223.3 219.7 219.7 221.8 233.0 241.0
2003-04 159.9 159.4 162.1 169.2 180.4 184.2 183.8 181.9
2002-03 146.9 150.7 152.6 158.0 168.3 187.6 199.8 182.5
2001-02 153.4 146.7 141.4 138.7 139.2 139.0 140.3 144.5
2000-01 164.9 173.0 175.9 180.1 177.5 171.6 168.0 163.6
1999-00 115.4 119.9 127.1 133.7 158.9 183.2 161.8 155.8
1998-99 111.0 111.5 111.6 110.5 110.6 110.1 109.3 109.2
1997-98 119.5 120.5 122.0 122.3 122.2 121.7 119.6 117.8


New York City

Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, and Richmond counties
Monthly Average Home Heating Oil Prices (in cents per gallon)

Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug.
2017-18 278.4 286.6 294.4 301.3 324.5 325.0 323.0 330.5 337.3 336.4 334.6 334.5
2016-17 249.1 258.2 256.6 271.1 279.0 278.6 277.4 277.4 272.8 264.6 267.5 270.2
2015-16 275.7 276.9 271.2 248.0 240.6 238.3 242.4 244.4 253.2 255.0 246.5 248.0
2014-15 391.1 375.3 365.0 341.5 317.1 320.2 331.2 313.3 316.4 310.7 294.5 276.7
2013-14 411.7 408.9 403.9 412.2 425.1 446.9 429.4 415.6 405.0 402.6 401.4 396.2
2012-13 428.7 429.6 431.3 426.4 425.5 437.6 428.1 407.1 403.2 400.3 405.4 407.1
2011-12 403.3 402.1 414.0 408.1 413.2 421.2 428.0 426.1 420.6 393.0 396.0 416.3
2010-11 313.9 323.8 336.5 346.4 365.3 384.7 409.8 427.7 419.0 410.9 409.1 402.1
2009-10 281.3 289.6 298.4 300.0 315.2 308.8 314.6 323.2 316.7 313.4 312.9 311.0
2008-09 417.3 355.3 317.0 278.6 269.7 262.7 258.1 257.4 260.3 277.7 275.0 281.4
2007-08 292.6 307.8 340.3 350.7 357.6 359.3 394.9 418.0 445.4 481.8 481.5 439.9
2006-07 275.0 264.1 261.7 265.7 256.6 265.6 268.5 275.4 277.1 282.1 290.4 284.6
2005-06 281.3 280.8 267.3 263.4 265.3 264.7 265.3 278.8 286.0 280.5 285.2 285.2
2004-05 192.4 218.0 222.1 215.2 216.4 220.4 233.7 240.7
2003-04 159.5 161.0 162.0 169.4 181.5 183.9 181.8 180.0
2002-03 146.4 149.0 149.8 155.8 166.9 192.4 198.2 172.5
2001-02 152.1 144.2 138.6 134.2 135.5 135.5 137.8 141.2
2000-01 161.8 165.2 169.3 173.3 169.3 161.2 157.6 153.4
1999-00 116.9 119.9 124.4 128.7 156.6 182.3 155.0 147.1
1998-99 109.4 108.9 109.1 107.4 107.6 106.9 108.0 108.7
1997-98 119.2 120.9 121.7 121.7 120.3 119.5 116.5 114.2


Lower Hudson Region

Dutchess, Putnam, Rockland, and Westchester counties
Monthly Average Home Heating Oil Prices (in cents per gallon)

Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug.
2017-18 276.5 283.5 294.9 308.0 338.6 334.5 330.1 335.3 340.1 337.6 339.4 340.6
2016-17 243.2 254.1 255.9 270.9 279.3 281.6 279.1 277.9 266.7 260.1 261.7 264.0
2015-16 259.9 257.1 254.9 237.9 224.5 222.7 227.0 230.1 242.2 245.2 239.9 241.5
2014-15 384.2 368.1 357.9 334.5 306.8 312.8 326.7 299.0 303.5 300.8 290.3 269.5
2013-14 402.2 401.5 399.5 412.4 423.7 444.9 434.1 412.8 403.7 404.0 393.8 390.0
2012-13 415.1 421.2 422.5 419.2 421.1 434.5 424.8 405.8 393.8 389.0 392.7 392.7
2011-12 385.4 387.0 402.3 398.5 407.9 419.7 426.1 422.5 401.4 371.1 380.3 400.3
2010-11 289.2 305.3 317.3 337.5 357.2 379.6 403.4 419.1 399.7 389.6 391.7 384.9
2009-10 264.2 276.8 288.3 287.0 302.7 296.4 302.1 309.1 297.5 291.9 283.8 285.1
2008-09 404.0 356.1 317.1 277.4 269.9 261.7 249.0 248.4 243.1 262.4 255.6 268.5
2007-08 281.4 298.4 333.7 345.5 353.7 355.6 393.5 416.9 440.3 480.8 478.9 434.9
2006-07 277.1 263.8 261.9 267.5 264.6 267.0 267.8 271.1 271.9 278.0 282.1 279.7
2005-06 274.6 276.3 266.5 264.1 266.0 266.0 266.9 273.7 281.1 277.9 280.2 282.2
2004-05 184.9 211.3 220.0 215.3 214.0 215.8 228.1 234.0
2003-04 148.5 148.7 152.2 160.7 174.9 180.9 177.7 174.9
2002-03 134.5 139.6 145.1 147.6 159.4 181.3 192.5 171.4
2001-02 137.9 136.5 132.6 130.0 129.2 129.0 129.7 132.3
2000-01 152.7 159.9 163.7 168.9 166.0 163.1 156.6 150.1
1999-00 102.9 106.7 112.0 119.7 148.2 173.6 148.2 140.6
1998-99 94.6 94.7 94.8 94.8 95.8 96.1 95.9 96.7
1997-98 108.9 110.1 110.0 111.7 110.3 108.6 105.6 103.8


Upper Hudson Region

Columbia, Greene, Orange, Sullivan, and Ulster counties
Monthly Average Home Heating Oil Prices (in cents per gallon)

Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug.
2017-18 253.4 264.0 276.2 285.8 315.7 319.9 313.6 315.8 317.6 314.4 313.4 313.5
2016-17 225.5 237.0 239.6 251.8 260.9 263.5 262.1 258.1 246.2 240.7 237.8 241.4
2015-16 244.9 240.8 239.1 233.6 226.1 217.4 217.9 218.8 221.9 226.8 225.0 222.8
2014-15 370.2 357.8 347.5 330.0 302.0 299.8 316.9 285.5 289.6 284.8 273.4 250.6
2013-14 384.8 383.9 382.9 393.1 405.1 425.8 417.3 393.6 387.9 380.4 378.3 376.1
2012-13 395.5 404.0 409.1 408.5 407.8 416.2 408.1 386.0 376.6 374.2 375.4 378.0
2011-12 376.6 376.4 390.3 388.3 393.5 404.4 410.8 404.0 386.7 359.6 364.5 382.5
2010-11 278.3 294.5 307.6 326.6 346.7 367.9 393.0 405.2 389.4 379.6 378.9 373.7
2009-10 252.5 261.5 277.5 275.6 295.7 290.4 292.2 295.4 286.2 275.9 272.3 274.2
2008-09 396.7 350.6 308.1 274.2 267.7 259.5 241.6 237.7 233.6 252.7 242.8 253.2
2007-08 269.9 287.4 323.0 335.1 346.6 347.3 383.2 404.0 428.1 470.0 468.7 425.9
2006-07 266.9 251.9 249.5 257.3 253.0 255.3 258.8 261.8 263.0 263.4 267.4 266.0
2005-06 267.3 270.0 254.3 249.9 254.4 253.1 253.0 261.9 271.7 269.2 269.3 271.6
2004-05 175.6 200.9 209.1 203.0 204.7 207.4 219.2 227.6
2003-04 136.6 138.3 140.6 147.3 161.0 168.9 166.8 159.7
2002-03 118.0 123.2 124.9 132.4 147.7 173.8 185.3 161.0
2001-02 125.3 121.5 118.7 115.5 116.2 115.9 116.6 119.0
2000-01 142.9 152.4 158.6 161.6 161.2 157.1 149.0 144.2
1999-00 90.2 96.3 103.3 111.1 138.9 175.5 148.8 135.6
1998-99 74.9 78.6 79.2 79.5 81.7 81.7 81.4 82.9
1997-98 89.3 93.9 96.2 97.3 97.6 96.4 92.4 86.9


Capital District Region

Albany, Fulton, Montgomery, Rensselaer, Saratoga, Schenectady, Schoharie, and
Washington counties
Monthly Average Home Heating Oil Prices (in cents per gallon)

Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug.
2017-18 248.3 256.0 267.0 276.0 298.4 299.3 296.6 297.9 298.8 297.5 296.4 297.6
2016-17 222.1 228.8 230.3 243.8 256.2 256.3 254.1 249.9 238.0 232.6 226.4 233.1
2015-16 245.8 242.5 239.2 229.3 217.9 211.8 212.6 216.2 219.1 219.6 218.5 217.7
2014-15 364.6 354.6 346.1 329.3 305.1 303.3 310.8 292.5 288.8 281.2 271.4 252.1
2013-14 380.4 378.8 380.0 389.2 400.3 421.9 412.9 390.7 384.2 380.2 373.2 368.0
2012-13 389.2 398.7 402.9 402.1 402.2 411.3 403.8 381.5 371.3 367.8 372.8 374.7
2011-12 365.7 368.2 383.7 382.5 390.2 401.7 407.4 401.1 384.7 359.8 364.3 379.7
2010-11 273.3 289.3 303.3 322.1 340.5 362.5 389.9 400.6 386.5 374.8 372.1 361.7
2009-10 241.5 252.0 268.4 271.5 285.6 280.7 286.1 291.6 281.3 274.8 271.4 270.3
2008-09 391.2 347.9 316.8 278.5 264.4 258.5 246.2 244.7 232.9 245.4 235.1 244.2
2007-08 264.9 281.5 317.8 326.3 334.4 333.9 372.5 399.0 417.9 455.7 454.9 416.9
2006-07 263.1 255.3 251.5 254.4 251.4 255.0 257.2 257.0 257.9 257.7 261.2 262.2
2005-06 254.7 259.6 246.0 242.3 247.2 244.9 246.6 256.3 263.9 262.2 265.3 267.4
2004-05 165.9 193.5 200.8 195.2 194.8 198.7 213.7 218.9
2003-04 130.6 132.5 133.6 138.4 148.9 155.4 154.5 151.3
2002-03 119.5 121.9 122.7 126.9 137.5 164.0 171.7 149.2
2001-02 123.7 122.5 121.1 119.6 119.7 119.9 119.3 119.9
2000-01 140.3 145.8 150.1 152.2 151.3 147.7 140.1 133.3
1999-00 88.7 93.1 98.7 105.9 132.6 165.1 137.8 127.9
1998-99 81.0 82.3 82.0 81.0 81.4 80.8 80.8 82.4
1997-98 93.3 95.3 95.9 95.7 95.2 94.5 92.7 89.7


North Country Region

Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Hamilton, Jefferson, Lewis, St. Lawrence, and Warren counties
Monthly Home Heating Oil Prices (in cents per gallon)

Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug.
2017-18 248.3 253.9 270.5 283.7 304.5 308.3 306.1 310.3 310.7 308.9 306.4 305.1
2016-17 219.7 229.1 235.7 248.7 259.1 260.8 260.3 253.3 247.2 238.2 236.4 238.5
2015-16 251.2 244.6 241.6 232.7 222.6 214.4 212.4 215.7 220.5 221.8 219.2 217.5
2014-15 366.7 357.2 345.9 332.5 308.0 301.7 313.4 294.9 286.0 277.8 273.2 259.1
2013-14 376.0 376.9 378.4 389.1 399.7 421.1 414.6 394.0 387.4 383.9 377.8 372.2
2012-13 384.4 392.9 393.5 396.3 399.3 407.6 402.2 382.2 369.9 361.8 367.0 365.8
2011-12 370.8 370.9 384.7 385.3 389.5 401.2 407.9 402.6 387.1 368.8 365.8 374.7
2010-11 282.8 297.3 314.8 334.4 353.2 370.5 394.4 397.8 389.4 375.3 373.0 367.4
2009-10 256.4 263.0 282.5 287.5 303.3 298.6 300.2 303.9 294.0 287.3 283.6 283.8
2008-09 399.9 352.0 299.3 265.9 254.4 251.0 234.3 232.6 232.9 248.6 245.7 255.6
2007-08 267.3 285.5 324.9 338.0 347.1 347.5 383.7 404.6 421.3 464.8 465.0 434.0
2006-07 265.4 251.7 247.9 252.5 247.5 255.3 258.8 261.7 261.2 262.6 264.9 265.9
2005-06 258.7 263.0 253.3 247.9 251.6 252.1 253.8 259.8 269.1 265.2 267.3 271.0
2004-05 167.8 193.0 202.4 199.5 202.1 204.2 212.4 219.0
2003-04 133.7 137.6 140.9 145.5 154.9 163.3 163.7 159.1
2002-03 120.8 127.0 128.6 134.3 143.4 162.5 176.9 151.9
2001-02 123.9 125.5 123.0 121.4 121.7 121.5 121.8 123.3
2000-01 137.4 143.4 148.9 152.4 153.1 149.9 144.3 139.7
1999-00 90.6 96.5 102.0 108.6 129.7 154.5 140.5 130.7
1998-99 77.6 79.7 80.9 81.7 83.5 84.6 84.0 84.8
1997-98 86.9 94.2 91.2 93.7 94.3 94.2 92.6 89.6


Central Region

Broome, Cayuga, Chenango, Cortland, Delaware, Herkimer, Madison, Oneida, Onondaga,
Oswego, Otsego, Tioga, and Tompkins counties
Monthly Home Heating Oil Prices (in cents per gallon)

Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug.
2017-18 244.9 251.8 265.5 280.1 308.4 301.3 294.9 298.1 302.4 302.1 298.3 298.5
2016-17 212.4 227.1 232.5 243.2 251.6 251.8 251.8 248.6 240.4 234.2 226.3 230.7
2015-16 235.2 230.1 229.4 221.7 209.4 198.6 203.7 211.9 213.6 211.4 209.7 206.7
2014-15 366.5 357.7 351.0 329.8 304.2 307.9 316.4 291.1 284.6 281.2 270.5 245.6
2013-14 382.5 381.9 385.3 394.6 406.5 425.8 416.5 398.0 389.5 379.3 375.0 370.6
2012-13 391.1 401.3 404.4 402.3 401.3 411.2 403.8 386.8 378.1 370.4 374.5 376.0
2011-12 370.0 370.9 383.5 380.4 389.6 399.1 403.3 395.5 380.5 359.3 362.8 378.8
2010-11 267.0 285.7 300.0 323.4 343.6 363.5 388.0 398.2 388.8 370.1 374.4 365.4
2009-10 238.0 248.1 265.5 271.3 290.3 280.8 282.1 283.5 277.4 270.2 268.8 267.0
2008-09 386.0 345.8 302.5 266.4 252.7 250.8 240.8 233.6 224.6 233.1 230.2 239.4
2007-08 262.6 280.7 317.7 329.9 338.1 337.2 371.6 393.8 411.4 455.2 453.1 410.6
2006-07 258.4 247.5 244.2 253.0 252.0 254.9 257.8 258.4 255.8 257.6 260.2 258.5
2005-06 258.2 263.4 251.5 248.6 253.5 250.9 249.9 255.2 262.0 259.4 259.2 261.7
2004-05 162.5 190.8 199.2 197.6 197.3 201.5 211.7 216.6
2003-04 129.2 132.2 135.0 141.1 154.7 161.4 160.6 156.3
2002-03 113.2 123.2 123.9 130.0 144.7 165.9 176.6 153.3
2001-02 118.0 118.0 115.9 114.5 114.1 114.4 113.9 113.6
2000-01 135.0 144.7 149.8 153.1 153.9 150.9 142.8 136.4
1999-00 87.1 94.3 102.5 107.8 131.7 166.6 146.6 133.3
1998-99 76.6 77.1 78.3 79.9 81.8 82.8 82.8 83.0
1997-98 88.9 90.7 92.7 94.2 94.6 94.1 93.1 91.1


Western Region

Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Chemung, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara,
Ontario, Orleans, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Wayne, Wyoming, and Yates counties
Monthly Home Heating Oil Prices (in cents per gallon)

Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug.
2017-18 263.6 272.0 294.8 308.4 329.9 336.8 335.7 332.8 331.4 331.0 327.6 327.0
2016-17 230.9 240.4 248.6 267.9 281.7 284.4 283.1 280.1 272.8 260.8 257.0 256.0
2015-16 257.4 253.8 253.8 252.6 245.6 239.0 235.8 234.3 232.0 228.7 227.5 228.0
2014-15 372.2 362.8 353.3 341.9 322.8 314.5 323.6 305.6 294.8 289.5 279.5 264.2
2013-14 376.3 378.7 381.9 390.0 404.5 427.7 423.5 406.9 396.1 390.8 384.6 376.3
2012-13 380.8 389.4 393.7 395.4 395.0 399.5 399.4 385.7 372.9 371.5 373.2 370.5
2011-12 363.5 366.3 380.5 386.4 387.3 393.9 400.5 394.9 381.6 362.5 358.0 367.0
2010-11 271.5 288.1 302.1 317.1 335.7 356.9 383.3 389.1 384.4 373.1 372.2 367.5
2009-10 245.6 250.1 265.3 269.6 286.0 283.5 283.6 284.8 280.0 277.1 270.8 271.5
2008-09 390.3 348.3 297.6 258.4 232.6 230.9 216.6 207.8 208.4 228.9 232.5 242.8
2007-08 261.6 278.6 316.1 328.3 335.9 339.1 372.5 396.2 416.6 452.4 453.1 421.2
2006-07 255.9 234.9 227.2 233.1 228.1 235.1 238.1 241.0 242.4 250.6 255.0 257.0
2005-06 262.9 264.7 249.9 246.2 245.5 242.7 243.3 249.4 253.7 251.4 252.7 259.0
2004-05 166.0 189.1 202.1 202.0 199.3 200.5 205.2 214.1
2003-04 131.3 137.1 140.3 144.0 153.2 158.5 157.5 152.0
2002-03 118.6 125.3 127.4 132.0 142.9 164.6 175.1 151.9
2001-02 124.1 124.6 119.9 115.9 116.8 117.0 117.6 119.9
2000-01 135.1 143.9 148.6 150.6 150.6 146.8 138.3 134.8
1999-00 89.4 96.6 101.6 107.0 125.9 154.8 136.0 126.2
1998-99 74.2 74.2 75.6 75.7 78.0 80.0 80.3 82.3
1997-98 89.8 91.4 92.5 93.5 92.9 92.0 87.9 86.0

Additional energy price inquiries should be addressed to Matthew Milford at 518-862-1090, ext. 3416