New York State supports electric vehicle (EV) and charging station use. The State has launched several programs to assist EV buyers and develop policy that advocates the use of more EVs and EV infrastructure.
ChargeNY: Aims to put 30,000-40,000 EVs on the road and install over 2,500 additional public and workplace charging stations statewide by 2018. The initiative will increase New York State's EV readiness further by, for example:
- Reforming regulations at the State and local level to facilitate EV charging
- Educating consumers and policymakers about the benefits of EVs
- Using the State fleet to test advanced EV technologies and demonstrating their benefits to the public
Multi-State ZEV Action Plan: In May 2014, Governor Cuomo announced that New York and seven other states would implement the plan, which establishes three primary goals for zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs):
- Increase infrastructure planning and investments and encourage fleet ZEV deployment to create a stable ZEV market
- Streamline State rulemaking to remove barriers to installing charging stations, tracking progress toward a goal of 3.3 million ZEVs by 2025, and promoting standard road signage for charging stations
- Create a better ZEV ownership experience and promote maximum usage through workplace charging, consumer incentives, removal of barrier to electricity reselling, and promotion of interoperability between charging networks
Transportation and Climate Initiative: New York State and 11 other states in the Northeast joined together to create the Transportation and Climate Initiative (TCI) in 2010, with the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the region's transportation sector. To encourage EV adoption, TCI created the Northeast Electric Vehicle Network, a partnership of over 100 public and private organizations that have pledged to support the deployment of EVs in the Northeast. TCI has worked with New York to identify best practices for community EV readiness.
Clean Fleets NY: New York State is committing to lead by example with select agency vehicles through Clean Fleets NY. In 2016, Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC), New York Power Authority (NYPA), and NYSERDA, among other agencies and as part of a pilot program, will ensure that at least 50% of new, administrative-use vehicles will be ZEVs, including battery electric, plug-in electric hybrid, or hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. These agencies will initiate a pilot to explore innovative ZEV acquisition models (such as leasing) to take advantage of federal tax incentives and lifecycle savings to reduce costs. This model will inform procurement decisions throughout State agencies.
Research and Development of EV Technologies: NYSERDA supports development of new products that make breakthroughs in EV and EV charging technology. Products including hybrid transit buses and charging stations have been developed by private companies in partnership with NYSERDA. NYSERDA also supports demonstration of EV-enabling technologies, including products, policies, and business models that support the EV market and make EVs more economically viable.
Clean Cities: Six Clean Cities coalitions in New York State (see links below) bring together stakeholders in both the public and private sector to deploy alternative fuels and advanced transportation technologies. They are leaders in supporting EV and charging station deployment across the State. This U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) program advances “the nation's economic, environmental, and energy security by supporting local actions to reduce petroleum consumption in transportation." The New York coalitions are:
New York City
New York City implemented a comprehensive sustainability plan called PlaNYC, which “established an aggressive strategy to reduce the City’s greenhouse gas emissions in 2030 by 30% from 2005 levels.” A PlaNYC report, Exploring Electric Vehicle Adoption in New York City, was released in January 2010. It aimed to discover what the City and other stakeholders could do to facilitate early adoption of EV technology, and makes several recommendations relevant to EV policymaking and deployment.
The City of New York Office of the Mayor released a DOE-funded project report called The New York City EV Readiness Plan: Unlocking Urban Demand to formulate a plan for EV charging and infrastructure deployment in New York City.
In 2013, New York City Council passed into law a requirement that 20% of future parking spots be prewired for charging stations. Local Law Number 130 for 2013 is projected to create over 10,000 charger-ready parking spots, with 5,000 in the next seven years alone.