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Agrivoltaics is the combination of solar photovoltaic energy and agriculture on the same land.

Agrivoltaics is a new and emerging combination of technologies in order to enhance climate resilience and allow sustainable food and energy production. This rapidly growing sector of the solar energy industry is undergoing considerable research, development and demonstration in the United States and across the globe.

Please check out our latest Growing Agrivoltaics in New York State report here [PDF].

NYSERDA and New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets (NYSAGM) have compiled resources and information related to how agrivoltaics can be designed to address the following topics:

The opinions expressed in these resources do not necessarily reflect those of NYSERDA or NYSAGM, and reference to any specific product, service, process, or method does not constitute an implied or expressed recommendation or endorsement of it. Further, NYSERDA and NYSAGM make no warranties or representations, expressed or implied, as to the fitness for particular purpose or merchantability of any product, apparatus, or service, or the usefulness, completeness, or accuracy of any processes, methods, or other information contained, described, disclosed, or referred to in these resources.

New York State’s Agricultural Technical Working Group’s (A-TWG) Agrivoltaics Specialist Committee

In November 2022, the A-TWG formed a specialist committee to advance stakeholder knowledge of agrivoltaics and to guide their deployment in a way that is beneficial to farmers and their communities and to encourage responsible development of solar energy, while maintaining and demonstrating viable commercial agriculture operations. The Agrivoltaics Specialist Committee is charged to:

  • Develop a stronger understanding of the current state and potential for agrivoltaics in NYS to promote land use efficiencies, supplement agricultural revenue streams, and minimize land use competition.
  • Identify information and knowledge needed to better understand the viability of agrivoltaics across a range of conditions in New York State.
  • Provide guidance on developing or amending policies and programs in order to advance agrivoltaics.

The AGV Specialist Committee’s working definition for agrivoltaics is: the simultaneous use of land for solar photovoltaic power generation and agricultural production of “crops, livestock and livestock products,” as that phrase is defined by New York State Agriculture and Markets Law (AML) § 301(2).

Meeting materials and additional resources can be found at the A-TWG’s webpage Link opens in new window - close new window to return to this page..

New York State Sponsored Agrivoltaic Research

  • New York Power Authority and EPRI Complete Study Funded by APPA on Sustainable Land Practices Integrating Agriculture and Solar Energy Systems Link opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.
  • NYSERDA’s Environmental Research Program under PON 4270 Link opens in new window - close new window to return to this page. has competitively funded six research projects that are currently underway and producing data on crop and grazing potential, soil health indicators, use of solar sites as habitat by birds and pollinator species, and optimal agrivoltaic siting design considerations for large, solar PV projects. Incremental research updates can be found in applicable Environmental Research Newsletters.
  • NYSERDA commissioned Growing Agrivoltaics in New York State to explore how agriculture and renewable energy can work hand-in-hand to support decarbonization. All while supporting agricultural viability and food system resilience, and identifying potential opportunities and constraints associated with increasing uptake of agrivoltaics projects in the State. The report was informed by engagement with the New York State Agricultural Technical Working Group (A-TWG) Link opens in new window - close new window to return to this page. and its Agrivoltaics Specialist Committee. It explores the State’s agricultural context, emerging agrivoltaics pilots and programs, and provides cursory review of agrivoltaics feasibility from a solar design perspective. The report helps to advance understanding of agrivoltaics relevant to New York’s agricultural landscape to support future discussions on policy and incentives. It includes key recommendations from A-TWG for continued research and engagement.

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