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Impacts and Benefits

Offshore wind and New Yorkers

To support the responsible and cost-effective development of offshore wind in the United States, New York is working alongside expert researchers, stakeholders, the federal government, and other Atlantic states to grow a body of research on the impacts and benefits of offshore wind. By measuring and monitoring impacts and benefits, we can inform planning and development, evolve best management practices, and create programs to support new investments in the State and thousands of well-paying jobs for New Yorkers.

For more information about upcoming research products, visit our Ongoing Environmental Research webpage.

Climate and Health

By replacing aging fossil fuel-burning generators, offshore wind energy avoids releasing harmful greenhouse gases that contribute to global climate change and harmful air pollutants, such as nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and fine particulate matter (PM2.5), that can cause serious localized health impacts, such as respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease, and premature death.

Cultural Resources

Offshore wind development must consider potential impacts to architectural and archaeological resources both onshore and offshore. Advanced studies of these resources help to avoid or minimize impacts.

Economic Growth and Workforce Development

The offshore wind industry will bring billions of dollars of investments and more than 10,000 jobs to New York State.

Ocean Environment

Renewable energy development is a critical part New York’s plan to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to global climate change. Through extensive resource assessments, wildlife surveys, focused research, and consultations with expert stakeholders, offshore wind developers and the State are working to avoid, minimize, and mitigate impacts of development to the environment.


Coastal and marine recreational activities are a big part of Northeast and Mid-Atlantic culture. From recreational fishing to whale watching to simply walking the dog along the sandy shore, New Yorkers are wondering if and how offshore wind will affect their enjoyment of the natural environment.


Offshore wind energy will help to diversify our electricity supply and bring private investments to strengthen and modernize New York’s electricity grid.


New York State is working closely with offshore wind developers, representatives from the shipping and navigation communities, training programs, and other experts to inform the standardization and implementation of safety measures throughout all stages of project development, construction, and long-term operation.