Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Electric vehicles (EVs) use a larger on-board battery for extended electric-only range. The driver charges the battery by plugging the vehicle into a charging outlet. When running on electricity, EVs are able to completely offset the use of gasoline, eliminating all tailpipe emissions.

Two different types of EVs are available: plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) and battery electric vehicles (BEV). A PHEV is an HEV with a larger battery that requires a plug to recharge, but it keeps a gasoline or diesel engine as a backup. Some variations are called extended range EVs, or EREVs. After the battery energy is exhausted, the engine starts and the vehicle acts like a normal HEV until it is plugged in to recharge.

Model year 2015 PHEV examples are listed below. Prices are current as of April 2015.

Make and Models of PHEVs

BMW i8 w/ Range ExtenderLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.
Starting MSRP: $135,700
Federal Tax Credit: $3,793
MPG Equivalent: 76
Electric Range (miles): 15

Cadillac ELRLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.
Starting MSRP: $75,000
Federal Tax Credit: $7,500
MPG Equivalent: 82
Electric Range (miles): 37

Chevrolet VoltLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.
Starting MSRP: $34,170
Federal Tax Credit: $7,500
MPG Equivalent: 98
Electric Range (miles): 38

Ford C-Max EnergiLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.
Starting MSRP: $31,770
Federal Tax Credit: $4,007
MPG Equivalent: 88
Electric Range (miles): 21

Ford Fusion SE EnergiLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.
Starting MSRP: $34,800
Federal Tax Credit: $4,007
MPG Equivalent: 88
Electric Range (miles): 21

Honda Accord PHEVLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.
Starting MSRP: $39,780
Federal Tax Credit: $3,626
MPG Equivalent: 115
Electric Range (miles): 13

Porsche Panamera S E-HybridLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.
Starting MSRP: $96,100
Federal Tax Credit: $4,751
MPG Equivalent: 50
Electric Range (miles): 16

Toyota Prius PHEVLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.
Starting MSRP: $29,990
Federal Tax Credit: $2,500
MPG Equivalent: 95
Electric Range (miles): 11