Battery Electric Vehicles

Electric vehicles (EVs) use a larger on-board battery for extended electric-only range. The driver charges the battery by plugging the vehicle into a charging outlet. When running on electricity, EVs are able to completely offset the use of gasoline, eliminating all tailpipe emissions.

Two different types of EVs are available: plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) and battery electric vehicles (BEV). A PHEV is an HEV with a larger battery that requires a plug to recharge, but it keeps a gasoline or diesel engine as a backup. Some variations are called extended range EVs, or EREVs. After the battery energy is exhausted, the engine starts and the vehicle acts like a normal HEV until it is plugged in to recharge.

Model year 2015 BEV examples are listed below. Prices are current as of April 2015.

BMW i3 BEVLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.
Starting MSRP: $42,400 
Federal Tax Credit: $7,500 
MPG Equivalent: 124 
Electric Range (miles): 81

Ford Focus ElectricLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.
Starting MSRP: $29.170
Federal Tax Credit: $7,500
MPG Equivalent: 104
Electric Range (miles): 76

Mercedes B Class Electric DriveLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.
Starting MSRP: $41,450
Federal Tax Credit: $7,500
MPG Equivalent: 84
Electric Range (miles): 87

Mitsubishi i MiEVLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.
Starting MSRP: $22,995
Federal Tax Credit: $7,500
MPG Equivalent: 112
Electric Range (miles): 62

Nissan LeafLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.
Starting MSRP: $29,010
Federal Tax Credit: $7,500
MPG Equivalent: 115
Electric Range (miles): 75

Smart Electric DriveLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.
Starting MSRP: $25,000
Federal Tax Credit: $7,500
MPG Equivalent: 107
Electric Range (miles): 68

Tesla Model SLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.
Starting MSRP: $71,070
Federal Tax Credit: $7,500
MPG Equivalent: 95
Electric Range (miles): 208  

Volkswagen e-GolfLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.
Starting MSRP: $35,445
Federal Tax Credit: $7,500
MPG Equivalent: 116
Electric Range (miles): 83