Protecting Birds

Protecting Birds

Siting, constructing, and operating offshore wind projects in a responsible manner can help to minimize possible stresses on birds. The New York State Environmental Technical Working GroupLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page. is working with developers, environmental non-governmental organizations, and State and federal agencies to develop best management practices to understand and avoid or minimize impacts of offshore wind energy development on birds. Steps for consideration in reducing these stresses could include:

  • Selecting sites that minimize the potential for birds to fly into turbines or lose important habitats by the permanent placement of structures
  • Designing turbines to diminish the ability of birds to nest, perch, and roost on sites to minimize the potential for birds to fly into the turbines
  • Changing light use to help reduce the potential for birds to fly into the turbines for example by using fewer lights, flashing or strobing lights, lower intensity lights, and lights that are non-white colors to reduce the attraction of birds to the turbines at night
  • Curtailing land-based wind turbine operations has been shown in some instances to reduce bird mortality during inclement weather, migratory, or breeding seasons, however this has not been verified with offshore turbines