The Kyoto Protocol is a direct product of the UNFCCC. It commits 37 industrialized countries and the European community to binding emissions targets. The targets amount to an average reduction of 5% from 1990 levels over the period from 2008-20121. Adopted in 1997 and implemented in 2005, the Protocol has been ratified by 180 nations, with the United States being the notable exception (the United States has signed but not ratified the Protocol, indicating general support without committing to take any specific action).
1UNFCC, Kyoto Protocol, available at unfccc.int/kyoto_protocol/items/2830.php.
Source: ( Modified); Users Alinor, E Pluribus Anthony on en.wikipedia
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Last Updated: 08/20/2012