Research Project Summary Information
Biodiesel Burner for Home and Industry(ST8503-1)
Heat Wise, Inc.,
Biodiesel is a renewable diesel fuel substitute made from new or used vegetable oils or animal fats. In past work conducted by Brookhaven (the Subcontractor in this project) and funded by NYSERDA, use of biodiesel blended with home heating oil has been demonstrated in both the laboratory and existing homes. Biodiesel blends can be beneficial to help reduce system maintenance and emissions. Burners in home furnaces, however, are not designed to burn biodiesel blends as efficiently as they burn home heating oil.
Researchers achieved their goal to develop a small burner system suitable for home furnaces and other small furnace markets that is tailored to the burning characteristics of liquid biofuels, including biodiesel. In this Stage One work, necessary modifications were defined and a burner was modified to burn 100% biodiesel based on storage, flow, and burning needs. In Stage Two, a marketable burner will be developed, bringing the burner to the point where it is ready to be submitted to testing organizations such as Underwriters Laboratory.
The successful completion of this two-stage project will lead to a new renewable product in the marketplace.
Specific objectives achieved by the end of Stage One work included: 1) defining baseline performance targets using the Contractor’s existing Pioneer burner, currently used to burn #2 diesel home heating oil; 2) identifying burner modifications needed to burn 100% biodiesel while meeting baseline performance targets; 3) modifying and testing a series of burners and burner systems capable of burning 100% biodiesel; and, 4) assessing performance and cost characteristics of the modified burner and how that may affect purchasing behavior of the target market.
The contractor achieved steady-state performance with the burner with biodiesel and with #2 heating oil, showing proof that a residential burner can be modified in this fashion. The contractor has contacts with fuel distributors that want this product so they can offer more biodiesel blends to residential customers. Lower NOx emissions were achieved with the biodiesel. This is consistent with results at Brookhaven National Lab. Tests were performed at room temperature. Next steps include low temperature tests such as those that may be found in the field.
Heat Wise, Inc.,
28 Industrial Blvd., Unit I
Medford, NY 11763
Heating, Ventilation, & Air Conditioning
NYSERDA Contact Information
R&D - Environment & Energy Res