Research Project Summary Information
NYS LNG Development Program (ST7084-1)
NYS Electric & Gas Corp
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is a clear, odorless, cryogenic liquid stored at atmospheric pressure at a temperature of -2600F . Resulting in a volume reduction of over 600 times, the liquefaction of natural gas solves many of the transport and storage limitations of the gaseous phase. In response to a 1973 accident on Staten Island, New York State imposed a moratorium on the siting of new LNG facilities and interstate transportation routes in 1978. It is important to note that New York State was the only state to have such a moratorium and LNG development is fairly advanced in the rest of the country. In a November 1998 study, Report on Issues Regarding the Existing New York Liquefied Natural Gas Moratorium, the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) recommended that the moratorium not be extended and that Title 17 - Article 23 be repealed. The moratorium was subsequently allowed to lapse on April 1st, 1999.
As a result of the long-term moratorium in New York State, it is felt that any serious effort to site an LNG facility will need to address both public outreach and permitting issues. In addition to an approved design, the actual permitting and construction will be contingent upon NYSDEC’s timely promulgation of appropriate siting regulations.
The ultimate goal of this project is the construction of a natural gas liquefaction plant and LNG distribution system that will demonstrate the technical, operational, economic, and environmental advantages of a combined liquefied and compressed natural gas (L/CNG) capability.
As listed below, the project is structured in four phases.
Phase I: Feasibility Study, Public Outreach and Legislation
Phase II: Site Evaluation and Preliminary Engineering Design
Phase III: Site Selection, Permitting and Site-Specific Engineering
Phase IV: Construction of the Physical Plant and Distribution System
Potential New York State benefits of increased LNG technology development include: enhanced availability, economic competitiveness, and subsequently energy independence due to wide-spread, indigenous supplies of natural gas; higher electrical generation efficiencies as the result of increased peakshaving opportunities; the ability to install natural gas residential distribution systems without pipeline connection; and reduced transportation-related air pollution as the significant volume reduction enables medium- and heavy-duty vehicles to carry sufficient storage to be powered by natural gas.
NYS Electric & Gas Corp
Corporate Dr.,Kirkwood Park P.O. Box 5224
Binghamton, NY 13902
NYSERDA Contact Information
R&D -Transport & Power Systems