Research Project Information

Research Project Summary Information

Total Fuel Services Corporation Bioheat Demonstration(ST10883-1)

Total Fuel Services Corporation


New York State is a major consumer of fuel oil for heating. Nearly three million households (about forty percent of the population) and numerous businesses in New York State use almost 2 billion gallons of fuel oil per year for heating. New York State fuel oil customers also represent 25% of the oil heat market in the United States. Improved oil-fired heating technologies offer the potential for significant energy, environmental and economic savings. Biodiesel is a name applied to liquid fuels derived from vegetable (e.g., soybean or canola) oils or recycled cooking oils.

Map Error

Project Description

Field testing will be conducted to identify and resolve equipment and cold weather problems such as difficult ignition, gasket and seal deterioration, and cold temperature clouding and waxing. The testing will also seek to evaluate the expected benefits of biodiesel, including higher flash point and reductions in nozzle varnishing, heat exchanger fouling, and pollutant emissions.


•Reduced price vulnerability from consumption of imported crude oil and refined products •Reduced pollutant emissions into the atmosphere. Reduced equipment cleaning and maintenance costs for oil heat customers •Increased competition with the natural gas industry due to enhanced stature of fuel oil in the marketplace •Potential economic development benefits in New York State related to production and distribution of biodiesel fuels.

Project Results

The contractor installed the necessary infrastructure to store and sell biodiesel. A total of approximately 2 million gallons was sold and the customer base was 90% residential and 10% commercial. Percentages were B5, B10, B20, and B100 and the base oil was either #2 or ultra low sulfur #2. There was some initial hesitancy from customers to accept a new fuel for their heating systems, however, the contractor guaranteed the quality of the fuel, and that it would have virtually no impacts on the equipment which helped quell some of the concerns. The contractor also discovered the current system setup to be rather inefficient and impractical for mass distribution. The contractor is currently splash blending the biodiesel, which entails filling the truck 80-95% full with regular heating oil then topping off with the biodiesel. A much better method is inline blending, which will eliminate the topping off step. The Contractor will continue to sell the biodiesel.


Total Fuel Services Corporation
371 North Ave
New Rochelle, NY 10801

Principle Investigator

Dan Falcone

Universities Involved


Project Type:

Product Demonstration

Technologies Types:

Building Systems
Heating, Ventilation, & Air Conditioning

NYSERDA Contact Information

Nathan Russell


R&D - Buildings Research

Contract Details

Start Date: 1/11/2010
Project Status: Active
Contract Number: ST10883-1

Last Updated: 5/3/2012 1