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Residential Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps

Product Definition

Residential central air conditioners means products, other than packaged terminal air conditioners (as defined in section 506.4(d)(1)), that are:

  • powered by single phase electric current,
  • air cooled,
  • rated below 65,000 BTU per hour,
  • not contained within the same cabinet as a furnace, the rated capacity of which is above 225,000 BTU per hour, and
  • consist of a cooling unit only.

Residential heat pumps means products, other than packaged terminal heat pumps (as defined in section 506.4(d)(2)), which

  • consist of one or more assemblies, are powered by single phase electric current,
  • are rated below 65,000 BTU per hour,
  • utilize an indoor conditioning coil, compressor(s), and refrigerant-to-outdoor air heat exchanger to provide air heating, and
  • may also provide cooling, dehumidifying, humidifying, circulating, and air cleaning.

Minimum Standard

The minimum energy efficiency standards for residential central air conditioners and heat pumps shall be the levels set forth in the table below determined in accordance with the test procedures set forth in 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 430, Subpart B, Appendix M [(last amended February 7, 1989)] (see section 506.6 of this Part). [PDF] Residential central air conditioners and the cooling mode for residential heat pumps shall meet the applicable seasonal energy efficiency ratio. The heating mode for residential heat pumps shall meet the applicable heating seasonal performance factor.

Type of ProductSeasonal Energy Efficiency RatioHeating Seasonal Performance Factor
Split System 13 8
Single Package System 12 7.6

Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio ("SEER") means the total cooling output of a central air conditioner or heat pump in Btus during its normal annual usage period for cooling divided by the total electric energy input in watt-hours during the same period.

Heating Seasonal Performance Factor ("HSPF") means the total heating output of a heat pump during its normal annual usage period for heating divided by the total electric energy input during the same period.

Beyond State Equipment Standards

Consortium for Energy Efficiency
Residential Central Air Conditioning and Heat Pump InitiativeLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.

Federal Energy Management Program
How to Buy an Energy-Efficient Central Air ConditionerLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.

ENERGY STAR
Air-Source Heat Pumps and Central Air Conditioners Purchasing and Procurement LanguageLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.

Qualified Product Listings

ENERGY STAR
Residential Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Product ListLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.

Consortium for Energy Efficiency (CEE)
Residential Central Air Conditioning and Heat Pump InitiativeLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.

Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute
Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Product ListingLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.

Cost Calculator Tools

Federal Energy Management Program
Residential Central Air Conditioner CalculatorLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.

Federal Energy Management Program
Residential Heat Pump CalculatorLink opens in new window - close new window to return to this page.

Last Updated: 12/11/2013